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In this topic children learn to sing the song ‘Once a Man Fell in a Well’ and to play it using tuned percussion, adding sound effects, experimenting with timbre and dynamics and using letter notation to write a melody


Pupils who are secure will be able to:

  • Clap the rhythm of their name.
  • Sing the melody accurately while playing their instrument in time.
  • Show a range of emotions using their voices.
  • Describe the dynamics and timbre of their pieces.
  • Play a known melody from letter notation in the right order, if not with the right rhythms.
  • Play a new melody from letter notation in the right order, if not in time.
  • Invent a melody, write it down and play it back.
  • Select instruments with different timbres.
  • Compose and perform a piece using different dynamic levels.


Key skills

  • Recognising timbre changes and structural features in music they listen to.
  • Beginning to use musical vocabulary to describe music.
  • Identifying melodies that move in steps.
  • Listening to and repeating a short, simple melody by ear.
  • Suggesting improvements to their own and others’ work.
  • Selecting and creating longer sequences of appropriate sounds with voices or instruments to represent a given idea or character.
  • Successfully combining and layering several instrumental and vocal patterns within a given structure.
  • Creating simple melodies from five or more notes.
  • Choosing appropriate dynamics, tempo and timbre for a piece of music.
  • Using letter name and graphic notation to represent the details of their composition.
  • Using their voices expressively when singing, including the use of basic dynamics (loud and quiet).
  • Singing short songs from memory, with melodic and rhythmic accuracy.
  • Copying longer rhythmic patterns on untuned percussion instruments, keeping a steady pulse.
  • Performing expressively using dynamics and timbre to alter sounds as appropriate.
  • Singing back short melodic patterns by ear and playing short melodic patterns from letter notation.


Key knowledge

  • To understand that ‘melody’ means a tune.
  • To know that ‘notation’ means writing music down so that someone else can play it.
  • To understand that ‘accompaniment’ can mean playing instruments along with a song.
  • To understand that a melody is made up from high and low pitched notes played one after the other, making a tune.



Key vocabulary