What does Phase 1 look like?
Phase 1 supports children’s developing speaking and listening skills and the linking of sounds and letters. Activities are divided into seven groups:
- Environmental sounds.
- Instrumental sounds.
- Body percussion.
- Rhythm and rhyme.
- Voice sounds.
- Oral blending and segmenting.
Teachers teach a wide range of nursery rhymes and songs. They read quality books to and with the children to help increase the number of words they know - their vocabulary - and help them talk confidently about books.
Children should be encouraged to enjoy books from as early an age as possible. However, the focus of this phase is on listening to and repeating sounds, rather than on directly reading words.
Things to try at home:
- Play games like 'I Spy'
- Sing songs and rhymes together
- Share books together