What's so great about Chocolate?
Strand: Local history
Summer term 1 we will be looking at the history of chocolate and the Cadbury brothers
By the end of this topic we will have learned:
· Cadbury is a confectionary company that was founded in Birmingham, United Kingdom, in 1824 by John Cadbury.
· John Cadbury started the company to sell tea and coffee along with chocolate drinks. In 1847 the company was renamed Cadbury Brothers when his brother Benjamin became John's partner.
· Nowadays Cadbury employs approximately 70,000 people worldwide in roughly 50 countries.
· In 1861 John Cadbury's sons took over the business, but it was already in trouble. The brothers focused on chocolate instead of coffee and tea and it became profitable again.
· Cadbury were the official cocoa and chocolate makers for Queen Victoria.
· The first Cadbury Easter egg was produced in 1875.
· In 1878 the brothers found a new home for their factory. They chose a 14½ acre greenfield site about four miles south of central Birmingham. The site had a meadow with a cottage and a trout stream - the Bourn. The cottage isn’t there any more, but the pear tree from its garden still stands outside the main Cadbury reception at the Bournville factory.
· At Bournville, workers lived in far better conditions than they'd experienced in the crowded slums of the city. The new site had canal, train and road links and a good water supply. George Cadbury wanted to build a place full of green spaces, where factory workers could thrive away from city pollution.
· The first bar of Cadbury Milk Chocolate was produced in 1897.
· Dairy Milk was introduced in 1905 and by 1914 was the best-selling product.
· Cadbury was the first company to close down on bank holidays to give employees a holiday.
· Cadbury’s Milk Chocolate wrappers have not always been purple and gold.